1.1. Who is a victim of gender-based violence?

(Art. 1 of Organic Law 1/2004 of 28 Dec ember, on Comprehensive Protection Measures against Gender-based Violence)

Under Organic Law 1/2004, any woman subj ected to any act of physical or psychological violence, including crim es against sexual freedom, threats, coercion or arbitrary priv ation of freedom, perpetrated by her spouse or ex- spouse or by the person wit h whom she holds or held a similar relationship of affectivity, even without cohabitation, is a victim of gender-based violence.

This type of violence is the most seri ous manifestation of the discrimination, the position of inequality and the power relationships of men over women.

Furthermore, from the pream ble, Organic Law 1/2004 in cludes the children of the victims in the concept of victim and recognises a whole series of rights to them, established in arti cles 5, 7, 14, 19.5, 61. 2, 63, 65, 66 and the 17th Additional Provision.